Billions of products all over the world are tagged using innovative technology. AIDC technologies, such as bar coding and RFID, are widely adopted by the retail, electronics, aerospace, transportation, healthcare industries, public library systems and schools.
AIDC is an industry term that describes the identification and/or direct collection of data into a microprocessor-controlled device, such as a computer system or a programmable logic controller (PLC), without the use of a keyboard. AIDC technologies provide a reliable means not only to identify but also to track items. It is possible to encode a wide range of information, from a basic item or the identification of a person, to comprehensive details about the item or person, for example, item description, size, weight, colour.
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31, Automatic identification and data capture techniques, is responsible for more than 100 published or in progress standards in this area, including the ISO/IEC 18000-63 standards. These standards address bar code symbologies (how a bar code is created and read), RFID air interface (how an RFID tag is read), real-time locating systems, and mobile item identification (that explains how a device such as a phone is used to read and access data as well as providing standards to define how the data associated with the technology is stored and read).
At their core, all AIDC technologies support two common goals:
- Eliminate errors associated with identification and/or data collection.
- Accelerate the throughput process.
AIDC technology standards facilitate the global application of the various AIDC technologies (bar code, RFID, RTLS, etc.). They offer fast and accurate processing speeds from the point of consistent data capture, to efficient system input, to a point that allows end-user “actionable intelligence .”
The creation and adoption of International Standards eliminated inconsistency and process divergence problems, enabling better use of the technologies around the world.
AIDC technologies are widely adopted by the retail, electronics, aerospace, transportation and logistics, healthcare industries, public library systems and, in the form of electronic road pricing (ERP), for road traffic volume management.
The direct users are generally equipment or device manufacturers, government agencies, industry associations, application standards development organizations, etc. However, the end-users can be anyone : retail consumers, healthcare professionals, military personnel, business and holiday travelers, even students.